Gambian epauletted fruit bat (Epomophorus gambianus)

Identification pointers

In appearance almost identical to the Wahlberg’s Epauletted fruit bat, the most convenient characteristics that distinguish it from the Wahlberg are the positions of palatal ridges in the mouth and a small frequency difference in their call. Forearm lengths vary from 75-88 mm and mass from 56 to 140 grams.

Roosting habits

They commonly share roosts with the Wahlberg’s Epauletted fruit bat, usually indigenous evergreen trees with good foliage cover10. Colonies may number in the hundreds, and they may take a while to settle after a night’s foraging. Members of the colony can be aggressive towards other members roosting too close to them.


Single young are born per year but twins have been recorded, with a peak in births observed during August in Zimbabwe. Females carry the very young babies with them during flight but leave them hanging in the roost when they become too large to carry conveniently.


The fruits of garden trees such as bananas and mangoes as well as the flowers and nectar of many indigenous trees, which they also pollinate. Soft and pulpy fruits are preferred and hard fruits such as pears and apples are left untouched. Fruit bats play an invaluable role in forest regeneration, not only by pollinating trees, but also by means of seed dispersal as they defecate whilst flying around.

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Karen Stander
Our box have a spotted eagle owl! We stay on a smallholding in the Chancliff area, Krugersdorp and discovered that our recently serviced owl box, has a long awaited inhabitant! So glad and thankful to have the privilege of sharing our piece of nature with hopefully a breading pair soon! Have to tell you the bats are also happily occupying their box!

Cheryl Siewierski
Brilliant service from hugely knowledgeable installers at our home in Harties this morning. We are thrilled with our new bat and owl boxes and sure the residents of these will be too! Excellent to know that EcoSolutions also monitors numbers and patterns of the owls in perpetuity. Thank you!

Beryl Scott-Payet
Fantastic, thanks to all at Eco Solutions for your support and help with Strix (our injured owl) and the installations of the boxes and houses at Steyn City.


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